accompany


accompany
accompany, attend, conduct, escort, convoy, chaperon mean to go or be together with; they differ chiefly in their implications as to the nature or purpose of the association.
Accompany implies companionship and often, with a personal subject, equality of status
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accompany a friend

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Used of things, it stresses closeness of association
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rain accompanied by wind

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the lightheadedness which accompanies fever— Kipling

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Attend commonly implies the subordinate or inferior status of the accompanying person or thing
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the prince was attended (rather than accompanied) by an equerry, a secretary, and a courier

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Sometimes it suggests a service or courtesy
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the General attended her himself to the street door— Austen

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Sometimes it connotes following or coming in the wake of someone or something
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a train of mourning friends attend his pall— Gray

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the Nemesis that attends upon human pride— Dickinson

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Conduct usually retains an implication of guidance even when the subject is impersonal
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conduct a blind man across the street

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conduct sightseers through a museum

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the pipe conducts water from a trough

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Occasionally the emphasis is not on guidance but on conveyance or transmission
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metals that conduct heat

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Escort and convoy add to accompany the implication of protection. Both words and their corresponding nouns often suggest the use of an armed force as a guard, but there is a tendency to prefer escort when persons and convoy when things are protected. Also, escort is more often used for journeys on land and convoy for journeys by sea
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soldiers escorted the caravan through the desert

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a destroyer convoyed the freighter through the submarine zone

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Escort, however, often suggests (as convoy no longer suggests) attending as a courtesy or honor
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three battleships escorted the visiting potentate’s ship into the harbor

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escort a lady to her home after a party

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Chaperon and its corresponding noun suggest propriety or sometimes supervision as the motive of the one who accompanies
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agreed to chaperon the school picnic

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as if his intellect were a sort of chaperon to his imagination— Evans

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In ordinary use they imply the presence of a mature woman or sometimes a married couple as the companion of young people (as at a dance or party) to ensure proper behavior
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a literary scavenging party arranged by their English teacher who accompanied them as chaperonMorley

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Analogous words: associate, link, combine, *join: *guide, lead, pilot
Contrasted words: forsake, desert, *abandon: leave, quit, withdraw (see GO)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Accompany — Ac*com pa*ny, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Accompanied}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Accompanying}] [OF. aacompaignier, F. accompagner, to associate with, fr. OF. compaign, compain, companion. See {Company}.] 1. To go with or attend as a companion or associate; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • accompany — I verb associate with, coexist, commingle, consort, convoy, join, keep, keep company with II index coincide (correspond), concur (coexist) Burton s Legal Thesaurus …   Law dictionary

  • accompany — [ə kum′pə nē; ] often [, ə kump′nē] vt. accompanied, accompanying [MFr acompaignier < ac , AD + OFr compagnon: see COMPANION1] 1. to go or be together with; attend 2. to send (with); add to; supplement [to accompany words with acts] …   English World dictionary

  • Accompany — Ac*com pa*ny, v. i. 1. To associate in a company; to keep company. [Obs.] Bacon. [1913 Webster] Men say that they will drive away one another, . . . and not accompany together. Holland. [1913 Webster] 2. To cohabit (with). [Obs.] Milton. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • accompany — [v1] go or be with something associate with, attend, chaperon, come along, conduct, consort, convoy, date, dog*, draft*, drag*, escort, follow, go along, guard, guide, hang around with*, hang out*, keep company, lead, look after, shadow, shlep… …   New thesaurus

  • accompany — (v.) early 15c., to be in company with, from M.Fr. accompagner, from O.Fr. acompaignier (12c.) take as a companion, from à to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + compaignier, from compaign (see COMPANION (Cf. companion)). Related: Accompanied; …   Etymology dictionary

  • accompany — ► VERB (accompanies, accompanied) 1) go somewhere with (someone). 2) be present or occur at the same time as. 3) play musical support or backing for (an instrument, voice, or group). ORIGIN Old French accompagner, from compaignon companion …   English terms dictionary

  • accompany — /euh kum peuh nee/, v., accompanied, accompanying. v.t. 1. to go along or in company with; join in action: to accompany a friend on a walk. 2. to be or exist in association or company with: Thunder accompanies lightning. 3. to put in company… …   Universalium

  • accompany — 01. She went to the party [accompanied] by her ex boyfriend. 02. My friends [accompanied] me to my car after the horror film because I was too afraid to walk alone. 03. The earthquake was [accompanied] by a tsunami. 04. The [accompaniment] of a… …   Grammatical examples in English

  • accompany — v. (D; tr.) to accompany on (to accompany a singer on the piano) * * * [ə kʌmp(ə)nɪ] (D; tr.) to accompany on (to accompany a singer on the piano) …   Combinatory dictionary